Cyanosis is the abnormal blue discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, caused by an increase in the deoxygenated haemoglobin level to above 5 g/dL. Survival into adulthood of patients with unrepaired cyanotic congenital heart defects (CHDs) is possible when cyanotic CHDs are deemed unsuitable for radical surgical repair but .
Introduction: The purpose of this report is to describe retinal findings in adults with cyanotic congenital heart disease. Methods: Four patients, 27 to 47 years of age, with cyanotic congenital heart disease were enrolled from the Outpatient Clinic of the Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center. Each patient had a medical history and physical examination by a . Causes of blue skin or lips (cyanosis) Cyanosis can mean there's not enough oxygen in your blood, or you have poor blood circulation. It can be caused by a serious problem with the: lungs, like asthma or pneumonia; airways like choking or croup; heart, like heart failure or congenital heart disease; Other causes of cyanosis include.
With cyanotic heart disease, there is mixing of blue blood (blood already used by the body) with red blood (oxygen-rich blood from the lungs). This mixing, sometimes called a right-to-left cardiac shunt, can be caused by a hole in the heart or by the presence of an abnormal blood vessel. This is known as cyanosis. A year-old man developed recurrent episodes of hemiparesis and dysarthria. He had cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) with single-ventricle physiology. Chronic hypoxemia (baseline arterial oxygen saturation .