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An atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common forms of congenital heart disease found in adults. Although there are at least three different forms of atrial septal defect, they all have in common a communication between the right and left atrium. Atrial Septal Defect In Adults. If the patient is not diagnosed with Atrial Septal Defect until his/her adulthood, the prolonged damage on the lungs and heart, without any treatment can shorten their life. Diagnosis of ASD at a young age allows the patients to get the treatment at the right time, allowing them to recover naturally via medication.

Surgical repair of an atrial septal defect in patients over 40 years of age, decreases all causes mortality, increases long-term survival and decreases complications like heart failure when compared with medical therapy. May 30,  · Abstract Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the two most common congenital heart diseases in children and adult. After the application of catheter intervention for ASD, this became an alternative treatment other than surgery from late

Atrial septal defect closure: An open or minimally invasive surgery in which the hole in the septum is patched with either a synthetic patch or the patient’s own pericardium, the membrane that surrounds the heart; Atrial septal defect repair: An open surgery in which the hole in the septum is closed with sutures. People with small unrepaired or repaired atrial septal defects rarely have any late problems. Those who have palpitations or who faint need to be evaluated by their cardiologist and may need medical therapy. Also, if the ASD is diagnosed late in life, the heart's ability to pump may have been affected, leading to heart failure.